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DIABETES PREVENTION

THE NATIONAL DIABETES PREVENTION PROGRAM

In 2010, Congress authorized the CDC to establish and lead the National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP). View an infographic about the National DPP

The National DPP is an initiative to provide evidence-based, cost effective interventions in communities to prevent type 2 diabetes. This public-private partnership brings together community-based organizations, health insurers, employers, healthcare systems, academia, and government agencies. A key part of the National DPP is a lifestyle change program based on the results of a large research study called the Diabetes Prevention Program (see DPP below), that includes a trained lifestyle coach, a CDC-approved curriculum, and group support over the course of a year. The National DPP puts in place all the elements needed for large-scale implementation of this effective lifestyle intervention across the nation to reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes. The four components of the CDC-led National DPP are: training, the CDC Diabetes Prevention Recognition Program (DPRP), lifestyle change intervention sites, and health marketing.

The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) was a major multicenter clinical research study that showed that a structured lifestyle change program that achieved weight loss of 5 to 7 percent of body weight (10 to 14 pounds for a person weighing 200 pounds) by reducing calories and increasing physical activity to at least 150 minutes per week, reduced the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58 percent in adults at high risk for the disease. For people over 60 years old, the program reduced risk by 71 percent.

Learn more: Albright, A., & Gregg, E. (2013). Preventing Type 2 Diabetes in Communities Across the U.S. Amer J Prev Med, 44(4S4), S346-S351