People with chronic conditions make day-to-day decisions that affect their health. Self-management involves lifelong choices, skills and strategies on the part of the individual for optimal management of their health condition. Healthy lifestyle choices, informed decision making and actively monitoring and managing symptoms are all part of self-management.
Self-management support goes beyond traditional knowledge-based patient education to include processes and activities that enhance patient problem-solving skills, to improve self-efficacy, and to support application of knowledge in real-life situations. Self-management support encourages people with chronic conditions to make daily decisions to improve their health-related behaviors and clinical outcomes.