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Gestational Diabetes: Public Health Concerns

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as carbohydrate intolerance of variable severity, with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. For the woman, GDM complicates 3-14% of pregnancies in the United States, and it is responsible for an important maternal morbidity including pregnancy induced high blood pressure, preeclampsia, urinary tract infections, cesarean delivery and other issues. GDM is on the rise in the US and is now estimated to affect 4-6% of all pregnancies. The consequences for the woman is a greater risk (7 fold) for developing types 2 diabetes later in life. For the child, the issues are macrosomia, birth trauma, hyperglycemia at birth. The consequences for the child are a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.


National Diabetes Fact Sheet 2011

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Arkansas Women Who Had Live Births: PRAMS, 2006 - 2010

Gestational Diabetes in Florida

Idaho Diabetes Data 2011

Births to Mothers With Gestational Diabetes, by Idaho County

Ohio GDM Databook 2011

Ohio Women's Update 2011

North Carolina Fact Sheet - November 2012 - Women and Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes Among Oklahoma Mothers

Utah Health Status Update - Gestational Diabetes 2008