CDC Brief: The State of Vision, Aging, and Public Health in America
Vision impairment is a serious public health concern among older adults, affecting more than 2.9 million people in the United States. This issue brief summarizes the prevalence of vision loss and eye diseases reported by people aged 65 or older, and it provides information about access to eye care, health status, and comorbid conditions among older adults. Data were collected from 19 states that used the Vision Impairment and Access to Eye Care Module (Vision Module) of CDC’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) during 2006–2008. You can access the issue brief at: http://www.cdc.gov/visionhealth/pdf/vision_brief.pdf.
CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR): Reasons for Not Seeking Eye Care Among Adults Aged ≥40 Years with Moderate-to-Severe Visual Impairment --- 21 States, 2006--2009
The CDC analyzed data for 21 states from 2006-2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys to learn why adults 40 and over with moderate-to-severe visual impairment did not seek eye care in the preceding year. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which found that eye-care cost or lack of insurance (39.8%) and perception of no need (34.6%) were the most common reasons given for not seeking eye care. To read more, visit:http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6019a3.htm?s_cid=mm6019a3_e%0D%0A.
Falls-Prevention Interventions for Persons Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired - Theory Paper
This article describes four main areas of falls-prevention intervention for older adults who are blind or visually impaired. When integrated into multifactorial programs, interventions pertaining to education, medical assessment, exercise and physical activity, and environmental assessment and modification have been shown to be effective in falls reduction.
Health Education and Communication
Healthy Vision Community Programs Database: a searchable collection of community-based eye health education programs from U.S. states and territories. This database is designed to address the following objectives:
- Serve as a central location of community-based eye health education programs
- Stimulate ideas for creative eye health education projects
- Promote networking of groups and individuals concerned about eye health
Educational and Media-related Resources
www.eyecareamerica.org – a website by the Foundation of the American Academy of Ophthalmology providing free eye health educational materials and facilitating access to medical eye care.
Eye Diseases/Eye Health
www.geteyesmart.org – a website by the American Academy of Ophthalmology dedicated to educating people about eye diseases and conditions and the preservation of eye health.
Low Vision Resources
American Optometric Association, information on low vision
National Eye Health Education Program
The goal of NEHEP is to ensure that vision is a health
priority by translating eye and vision research into public and professional
education programs. NEHEP supports collaboration among eye health
professionals, healthcare providers, patients, and the public and provides a
wide variety of educational resources, research, and media tools that can be
used for eye health education programs.
Sign up for the quarterly
e-Newsletter from the National Eye Health Education Program to learn about eye
health education and promotion activities happening around the country.
Programs and Interventions
Sight for Students Program - Sight for Students is a VSP charity that provides free vision exams and glasses to low-income, uninsured children.
Sample Eye Exam Referral Forms
Referral Form for Annual Dilated Retinal Exam
Eye exam referral form developed and used by network of clinics participating in the HRSA Collaborative
AOA Diabetes Report Form