Coordinated Chronic Disease
Domain 1: Epidemiology & Surveillance
Domain 1: Epidemiology and Surveillance: Gather, analyze, and disseminate data and information and conduct evaluation to inform, prioritize, deliver, and monitor programs and population health.
Making the investment in epidemiology and surveillance provides states with the necessary expertise to collect data and information and to develop and deploy effective interventions, identify and address gaps in program delivery, and monitor and evaluate progress in achieving program goals. Data and information come with the responsibility to use it routinely to inform decision makers and the public regarding the effectiveness of preventive interventions and the burden of chronic diseases and their associated risk factors, public health impact, and program effectiveness. The need to publicize widely the results of states’ work in public health and demonstrate to the American people the return on their investment in prevention has never been greater.
Examples of Activities
- Collect appropriate data to monitor risk factors and chronic conditions of interest through surveillance systems (such as the BRFSS, NPCR and other cancer screening data systems, Vital Statistics, and Medicare data sets), rapidly develop and disseminate data reports in easy-to-use and understand formats, describe multiple chronic conditions, and use data to drive state and local public health action.
- Conduct surveillance of behavioral risk factors, social determinants of health, and monitor environmental change policies related to healthful nutrition, physical activity, tobacco, community water fluoridation, and other areas.
- Collect cancer surveillance data to assess cancer burden and trends, identify high risk populations, and guide planning and evaluation of cancer control programs (e.g., prevention, screening and treatment efforts).
- Conduct youth and adult surveillance of tobacco-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviors (ATS/NATS, YTS/NYTS); translate and disseminate data and information for action.
- Collect, use, and disseminate data on oral diseases and risk factors and use of preventive oral health services.
- Examine administrative datasets for factors associated with risk for all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality.
- Conduct surveillance of health behaviors and policies for women before, during, and after pregnancy using the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) to translate and disseminate data for action and collaborate with state PRAMS coordinators in using findings for program strategies and policies as appropriate.
- Link administrative, vital records, and hospital discharge data to conduct surveillance on the prevention of preterm births and pregnancy complications.